Nutrition and diet to prevent and relieve hemorrhoids.
Practitioners consider diet the best tool for treating hemorrhoids.
Prevent constipation by following a high-fiber diet. Meals and snacks should consist primarily of vegetables, fruit, nuts, and whole grains, and as few refined foods and meats as possible. If this is a big change for you, introduce the new foods slowly, to avoid gas.
If you aren't able to eat enough high-fiber food, supplement your diet with psyllium stool softeners or bulk-forming agent. (Avoid laxatives, which cause diarrhea that can further irritate the swollen veins.) Drink at least eight glasses of water each day; if your life is especially active or you live in a hot climate, you will need more water. It's almost impossible to drink too much water. Monitor your sodium intake. Excess salt in the diet causes fluid retention, which means swelling in all veins, including hemorrhoids.
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